Pepper heat

Pepper genus Capsicum

Chile peppers (Capsicum species), the perennial shrubs, peppers,  belonging to the Capsicum family, are eaten by a quarter of the earth’s population every day, in countries all over the globe. 

Capsicum is a genus of flowering plants in the nightshade family Solanaceae native to the Americas cultivated worldwide for their chilli pepper of bell pepper fruit.

The name may come from Latin capsa, meaning 'box', presumably alluding to the pods.

Capsicum fruits are botanically classified as berries and are commonly used as a vegetable ingredient or side dish.

Carolina Reaper - the hottest chilli pepper globally.

Scoville organoleptic test - adapted from Wikipedia

The test procedure

Scoville heat unit examples:

1,500,000–3,000,000+ -pepper sprayCarolina Reaper pepper. 

The Reaper (see above) is red and gnarled, with a bumpy texture and small pointed tail. In 2013, Guinness World Records declared it the hottest chilli pepper globally, surpassing the previous record-holder, the Trinidad Scorpion.

The varieties I grew were not nearly as hot.

25,000–50,000 Cayenne pepper, Bishop Crown pepper, Tabasco chilli

2,500–10,000  Jalapeno pepper

0–100                 Bell pepper

Learn more about these in varieties grown.